Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the most popular and well-known compounds found in the hemp plant, and has been attracting increasing attention in recent years due to its potential therapeutic benefits. However, traditional forms of CBD have limited bioavailability, meaning that only a small portion of the CBD that is ingested is actually absorbed into the body and can produce therapeutic effects. To overcome this limitation, a new form of CBD known as nano CBD has been developed, which promises to offer a more bioavailable and efficient form of the compound. Here, we will examine what nano CBD is, how it is made, why and how it is more bioavailable than traditional CBD, and the advantages of this more bioavailable form.
What is nano CBD?
Nano CBD is a form of cannabidiol that has been broken down into nanoparticles, which are much smaller than the traditional CBD molecule. The average particle size of nano CBD is in the range of 20-200 nanometers, which is much smaller than the traditional CBD molecule, which typically measures between 1 and 10 micrometers. This reduction in size allows for a much larger surface area, which can enhance the absorption of the CBD into the body.
How is nano CBD made?
The process of making nano CBD involves breaking down the CBD molecule into nanoparticles using a process known as nanotechnology. This technology involves the use of high energy techniques to break down the CBD molecule into smaller particles. The resulting nano CBD particles are then suspended in a liquid, such as water or oil, which makes them easier to absorb into the body.
What are the advantages of nano CBD?
One of the primary advantages of nano CBD is its improved bioavailability compared to traditional forms of CBD. The smaller particle size of nano CBD allows it to be more easily absorbed into the body, which means that a higher proportion of the CBD is available to produce therapeutic effects. This enhanced bioavailability is especially important for those seeking to use CBD for therapeutic purposes, as it allows them to achieve the desired effects with a lower dose of the compound.
In addition to its improved bioavailability, nano CBD also has several other advantages over traditional forms of CBD. For example, it is more stable and less likely to degrade over time, which means that it can be stored and transported more easily. It is also more easily absorbed by the body, which can lead to faster onset of therapeutic effects. Finally, nano CBD is also more easily soluble in water and oil, which makes it easier to mix with other substances and form new products.
How is nano CBD absorbed into the body?
Nano CBD is absorbed into the body through a variety of pathways, depending on the method of administration. For example, when nano CBD is taken orally, it is absorbed into the bloodstream through the digestive system, with the nanoparticles being taken up by the intestinal lining and transported into the bloodstream. When nano CBD is applied topically, it is absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream, where it can produce localized effects.
Regardless of the method of administration, once nano-CBD is in the bloodstream, it is transported to various tissues and organs throughout the body, where it can interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS is a complex network of receptors and signaling molecules that play a role in regulating a wide range of physiological processes, including pain perception, mood, sleep, and immune function.
CBD has been shown to interact with the ECS in a number of ways, and is thought to produce therapeutic effects by modulating the activity of certain receptors in the ECS. For example, CBD has been shown to bind to the CB1 receptor, which is expressed in the brain and central nervous system, and can modulate the release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and glutamate, which play a role in pain perception and mood regulation. CBD has also been shown to bind to the CB2 receptor, which is expressed in the immune system, and may play a role in regulating inflammation and immune function.
Why is traditional CBD less efficacious?
When CBD is taken orally in its traditional form, it undergoes a number of changes in the digestive system before it is absorbed into the bloodstream. The first step in the digestive process is the breakdown of CBD in the stomach, where it is exposed to digestive enzymes and acids. This can cause the CBD to break down into smaller molecules, reducing its overall efficacy.
Next, the CBD is absorbed into the bloodstream through the intestinal lining, which is a complex network of blood vessels and tissues that is responsible for absorbing nutrients and other substances from the digestive system. However, the intestinal lining has a number of barriers that can prevent the efficient absorption of CBD, such as the lipophilic nature of the molecule and its low solubility in water.
Once in the bloodstream, traditional CBD must overcome a number of additional barriers in order to reach the tissues and organs where it can produce therapeutic effects. For example, CBD must pass through the liver, which is responsible for metabolizing and filtering substances from the bloodstream. In the liver, CBD can undergo a process called first-pass metabolism, in which it is broken down into metabolites that can reduce its overall efficacy.
Overall, the digestive process can significantly reduce the bioavailability of traditional CBD, making it less effective and reducing the amount of CBD that is available to produce therapeutic effects. In contrast, nano CBD is designed to overcome these barriers, making it a more bioavailable form of CBD that can provide greater therapeutic benefits.
Why is taking nano CBD sublingually optimal?
Although nano CBD has higher bioavailability than traditional CBD when taken orally (swallowed as a tincture, gummy, food or drink product), taking nano CBD sublingually (under the tongue) is considered to be most efficacious because it bypasses the digestive system entirely and is absorbed directly into the bloodstream through the mucous membranes in the mouth. The sublingual route of administration allows the nano CBD to bypass the liver and avoid the first-pass metabolism that can reduce the bioavailability of traditional oral CBD.
When nano CBD is taken sublingually, it is quickly and efficiently absorbed through the blood vessels in the mucous membranes, which are rich in tiny capillaries that allow for rapid and efficient absorption. The small size of the nano CBD particles also makes them more readily absorbed into the bloodstream, allowing for greater bioavailability and a faster onset of therapeutic effects.
In contrast, when traditional CBD is taken orally, it must pass through the digestive system and the liver before it is absorbed into the bloodstream. This can reduce the bioavailability of the CBD and slow the onset of therapeutic effects. Additionally, oral administration of traditional CBD is subject to a number of other factors that can impact its efficacy, such as food intake and the presence of other medications in the digestive system.
Taking nano CBD sublingually is considered to be more efficacious than taking it orally because it provides a more direct and efficient route of administration that allows for greater bioavailability and a faster onset of therapeutic effects.
Are there any disadvantages to nano CBD?
Like any new technology or product, nano CBD also has some potential disadvantages that are worth considering. Some of the disadvantages of nano CBD include:
- Lack of regulation: The use of nanotechnology in the production of nano CBD products is relatively new, and there is currently limited regulation of these products. This means that it is possible for products to be mislabeled as nano CBD when they are not.
- Lack of long-term data: Although nano CBD has been shown to be safe in preclinical studies, there is limited long-term data on the use of these products in humans. This means that the potential risks associated with long-term use of nano CBD are not yet fully understood.
- Increased cost: The production of nano CBD products is often more complex and expensive than traditional forms of CBD, which can result in higher prices for consumers.
- Lack of standardization: There is currently a lack of standardization in the production of nano CBD products, which can lead to differences in quality and efficacy between products.
Overall, while nano CBD has some potential disadvantages, the advantages of a more bioavailable form of CBD and its potential therapeutic benefits make it a promising new product. However, it is important to be aware of the potential disadvantages and to choose a high-quality nano CBD product from a reputable source to minimize the risks associated with use. As with any supplement or medication, it is always best to consult with a healthcare provider before taking nano CBD.
In conclusion, nano CBD is a new form of CBD that offers several advantages over traditional forms of the compound. Its smaller particle size and enhanced bioavailability make it more effective and efficient for those seeking to use CBD for therapeutic purposes. With its improved stability, solubility, and bioavailability, nano CBD is poised to become an important and popular form of CBD in the years to come.